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(itstool) path: step/para
A variety of free and commercial partition resizing tools are listed at <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software</link>. <application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>) is a free live <acronym>CD</acronym> which includes the <application>GParted</application> partition editor. <application>GParted</application> is also included with many other Linux live <acronym>CD</acronym> distributions.
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Context English Chinese (Simplified) (zh_CN) State
FreeBSD will take advantage of Physical Address Extensions (<acronym>PAE</acronym>) support on <acronym>CPU</acronym>s with this feature. A kernel with the <acronym>PAE</acronym> feature enabled will detect memory above 4 GB and allow it to be used by the system. However, using <acronym>PAE</acronym> places constraints on device drivers and other features of FreeBSD. FreeBSD 将在 <acronym>CPU</acronym> 上利用物理地址扩展 (<acronym>PAE</acronym>) 支持这个功能。启用 <acronym>PAE</acronym> 功能的内核将检测到 4 GB 以上的内存, 并允许系统使用它。然而, 使用 <acronym>PAE</acronym> 会对 FreeBSD 的设备驱动程序和部分功能造成限制。
powerpc powerpc
All New World <acronym>ROM</acronym> <trademark class="registered">Apple</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> systems with built-in <acronym>USB</acronym> are supported. <acronym>SMP</acronym> is supported on machines with multiple <acronym>CPU</acronym>s. 支持所有内建 USB 的 New World <trademark class="registered">Apple</trademark> <trademark class="registered">Mac</trademark> 系统, 同时也为配置多 CPU 的机器提供<acronym>CPU</acronym>支持。
A 32-bit kernel can only use the first 2 GB of <acronym>RAM</acronym>. 注意 32 位的内核只能使用内存的前 2 GB。
sparc64 sparc64
Systems supported by FreeBSD/sparc64 are listed at the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/platforms/sparc.html">FreeBSD/sparc64 Project</link>. 有关 FreeBSD/sparc64 的系统支持, 详见 <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/platforms/sparc.html">FreeBSD/sparc64</link> 项目。
<acronym>SMP</acronym> is supported on all systems with more than 1 processor. A dedicated disk is required as it is not possible to share a disk with another operating system at this time. 具有 1 个以上处理器的所有系统都支持<acronym>SMP</acronym>。需要独占一块磁盘。 目前还不支持与其他操作系统共享同一块磁盘。
Pre-Installation Tasks 安装前的准备
Once it has been determined that the system meets the minimum hardware requirements for installing FreeBSD, the installation file should be downloaded and the installation media prepared. Before doing this, check that the system is ready for an installation by verifying the items in this checklist: 确认硬件满足 FreeBSD 最低硬件需求后,下载安装镜像并将用它制作好安装介质。在安装前,请阅读以下部分来确认是否可以安装系统:
Back Up Important Data 备份重要数据
Before installing any operating system, <emphasis>always</emphasis> backup all important data first. Do not store the backup on the system being installed. Instead, save the data to a removable disk such as a <acronym>USB</acronym> drive, another system on the network, or an online backup service. Test the backup before starting the installation to make sure it contains all of the needed files. Once the installer formats the system's disk, all data stored on that disk will be lost. 在安装任何操作系统之前都应备份好重要数据。不要将备份数据放在将要装系统的硬盘上,应将其保存在 U 盘或其他存储设备中。在安装前再次检查重要数据是否备份完成。一旦安装程序格式化系统盘,存储在该磁盘上的所有数据都将被抹去。
Decide Where to Install FreeBSD 决定在哪里安装 FreeBSD
If FreeBSD will be the only operating system installed, this step can be skipped. But if FreeBSD will share the disk with another operating system, decide which disk or partition will be used for FreeBSD. 如果仅安装 FreeBSD,那这个步骤可以被跳过。但是,如果 FreeBSD 会和另一个操作系统共享磁盘,那么您需要决定哪个磁盘或者分区将会被用于安装 FreeBSD。
In the i386 and amd64 architectures, disks can be divided into multiple partitions using one of two partitioning schemes. A traditional <firstterm>Master Boot Record</firstterm> (<acronym>MBR</acronym>) holds a partition table defining up to four <firstterm>primary partitions</firstterm>. For historical reasons, FreeBSD calls these primary partition <firstterm>slices</firstterm>. One of these primary partitions can be made into an <firstterm>extended partition</firstterm> containing multiple <firstterm>logical partitions</firstterm>. The <firstterm>GUID Partition Table</firstterm> (<acronym>GPT</acronym>) is a newer and simpler method of partitioning a disk. Common <acronym>GPT</acronym> implementations allow up to 128 partitions per disk, eliminating the need for logical partitions. 在 i386 和 amd64 架构中。磁盘可使用两种分区表分割成多个分区(partitioning )。传统的<acronym>MBR</acronym>(<firstterm>Master Boot Record</firstterm>)分区表可设置四个主分区(由于历史原因,FreeBSD 中将主分区称作 <firstterm>slices(分片)</firstterm>)。主分区可由一个包含多个逻辑分区的扩展分区组成。GUID 分区表(GPT)是一种新的、更简单的磁盘分区方法。GPT 允许每个磁盘最多有 128 个分区,这样就不需要逻辑分区了。
The FreeBSD boot loader requires either a primary or <acronym>GPT</acronym> partition. If all of the primary or <acronym>GPT</acronym> partitions are already in use, one must be freed for FreeBSD. To create a partition without deleting existing data, use a partition resizing tool to shrink an existing partition and create a new partition using the freed space. FreeBSD 引导加载程序需要主分区或 <acronym> GPT </acronym> 分区。如果所有主分区或 <acronym> GPT </acronym> 分区都已在使用中, 则必须为 FreeBSD 创建一个分区。若要在不删除现有数据的情况下创建分区, 请使用分区调整大小工具收缩现有分区, 并使用释放的空间创建新分区。
A variety of free and commercial partition resizing tools are listed at <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software</link>. <application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>) is a free live <acronym>CD</acronym> which includes the <application>GParted</application> partition editor. <application>GParted</application> is also included with many other Linux live <acronym>CD</acronym> distributions. 分区工具列表可在<link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">维基百科</link>中查看。<application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>)是一个开源的 live <acronym>CD</acronym>,它包含了 GParted 分区编辑器。许多 Linux 发行版中也预装了 GParted。
When used properly, disk shrinking utilities can safely create space for creating a new partition. Since the possibility of selecting the wrong partition exists, always backup any important data and verify the integrity of the backup before modifying disk partitions. 如果使用恰当的话,磁盘缩减工具可被用于安全地为一个新分区创造空间。因为有选错分区的可能性,请务必在修改磁盘分区前备份任何重要数据,并且验证备份的完整性。
Disk partitions containing different operating systems make it possible to install multiple operating systems on one computer. An alternative is to use virtualization (<xref linkend="virtualization"/>) which allows multiple operating systems to run at the same time without modifying any disk partitions. 包含不同操作系统的磁盘分区使在一台计算机上安装多个操作系统成为可能。另一种方法是使用虚拟化 (<xref linkend="virtualization"/>), 它允许多个操作系统同时运行, 而无需修改任何磁盘分区。
Collect Network Information 收集网络信息
Some FreeBSD installation methods require a network connection in order to download the installation files. After any installation, the installer will offer to setup the system's network interfaces. FreeBSD的某些安装方法需要通过网络来下载所需的安装文件。安装完成后,安装程序将提供设置网络接口的选项。
If the network has a <acronym>DHCP</acronym> server, it can be used to provide automatic network configuration. If <acronym>DHCP</acronym> is not available, the following network information for the system must be obtained from the local network administrator or Internet service provider: 如果网络上有一个<acronym>DHCP</acronym>服务器,那么它可被用于提供自动网络配置。如果<acronym>DHCP</acronym>不可用,那么系统的以下网络信息必须从本地网络管理员或者互联网服务提供商处获得:
Required Network Information 必须的网络信息
<acronym>IP</acronym> address <acronym>IP</acronym> 地址
Subnet mask 子网掩码
<acronym>IP</acronym> address of default gateway 默认网关的 <acronym>IP</acronym> 地址
Domain name of the network 网络的域名
<acronym>IP</acronym> addresses of the network's <acronym>DNS</acronym> servers 网络的 <acronym>DNS</acronym> 服务器的 <acronym>IP</acronym> 地址
Check for FreeBSD Errata 检查 FreeBSD 勘误表
Although the FreeBSD Project strives to ensure that each release of FreeBSD is as stable as possible, bugs occasionally creep into the process. On very rare occasions those bugs affect the installation process. As these problems are discovered and fixed, they are noted in the FreeBSD Errata (<link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/releases/12.1R/errata.html">https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.1R/errata.html</link>) on the FreeBSD web site. Check the errata before installing to make sure that there are no problems that might affect the installation. 尽管 FreeBSD 项目努力确保 FreeBSD 的每个版本都尽可能稳定, 但错误(bug)偶尔会逐渐进入这个过程。在极少数情况下, 这些错误会影响安装过程。随着这些问题的发现和解决,它们在 FreeBSD errata (<link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/releases/12.1R/errata.html">https://www.freebsd.org/releases/12.1R/errata.html</link>) 中得到了说明。在安装前检查 errata,以确保没有可能影响安装的问题。
Information and errata for all the releases can be found on the release information section of the FreeBSD web site (<link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/releases/index.html">https://www.freebsd.org/releases/index.html</link>). 所有版本的信息和勘误(errata)可在 FreeBSD 网站的发布信息部分找到 (<link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/releases/index.html">https://www.freebsd.org/releases/index.html</link>)。
Prepare the Installation Media 准备安装媒介

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A variety of free and commercial partition resizing tools are listed at <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software</link>. <application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>) is a free live <acronym>CD</acronym> which includes the <application>GParted</application> partition editor. <application>GParted</application> is also included with many other Linux live <acronym>CD</acronym> distributions.
一个分区工具列表可在<link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">维基百科</link>中查看。<application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>)是一个开源的 live <acronym>CD</acronym>,它包含了 GParted 分区编辑器。许多 Linux 发行版中也预装了 GParted。
a month ago
A variety of free and commercial partition resizing tools are listed at <link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software</link>. <application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>) is a free live <acronym>CD</acronym> which includes the <application>GParted</application> partition editor. <application>GParted</application> is also included with many other Linux live <acronym>CD</acronym> distributions.
一个分区工具列表可在<link xlink:href="http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_disk_partitioning_software">维基百科</link>中查看。<application>GParted Live</application> (<link xlink:href="http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php">http://gparted.sourceforge.net/livecd.php</link>)是一个开源的 live <acronym>CD</acronym>,它包含了 GParted 分区编辑器。许多 Linux 发行版中也预装了 GParted。
10 months ago
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Source information

Source string comment
(itstool) path: step/para
Source string location
book.translate.xml:3113
String age
a year ago
Source string age
a year ago
Translation file
books/zh_CN/handbook.po, string 393