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Project website docs.freebsd.org/en
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Translation license BSD 2-Clause "Simplified" License
Filemask documentation/content/*/books/handbook/virtualization/_index.po
Translation file Download documentation/content/zh_CN/books/handbook/virtualization/_index.po
# xl -vvv create freebsd.cfg
Parsing config from freebsd.cfg
libxl: debug: libxl_create.c:1693:do_domain_create: Domain 0:ao 0x800d750a0: create: how=0x0 callback=0x0 poller=0x800d6f0f0
libxl: debug: libxl_device.c:397:libxl__device_disk_set_backend: Disk vdev=xvda spec.backend=unknown
libxl: debug: libxl_device.c:432:libxl__device_disk_set_backend: Disk vdev=xvda, using backend phy
libxl: debug: libxl_create.c:1018:initiate_domain_create: Domain 1:running bootloader
libxl: debug: libxl_bootloader.c:328:libxl__bootloader_run: Domain 1:not a PV/PVH domain, skipping bootloader
libxl: debug: libxl_event.c:689:libxl__ev_xswatch_deregister: watch w=0x800d96b98: deregister unregistered
domainbuilder: detail: xc_dom_allocate: cmdline="", features=""
domainbuilder: detail: xc_dom_kernel_file: filename="/usr/local/lib/xen/boot/hvmloader"
domainbuilder: detail: xc_dom_malloc_filemap : 326 kB
libxl: debug: libxl_dom.c:988:libxl__load_hvm_firmware_module: Loading BIOS: /usr/local/shared/seabios/bios.bin
...
<prompt>#</prompt> <userinput>xl -vvv create freebsd.cfg</userinput>
Parsing config from freebsd.cfg
libxl: debug: libxl_create.c:1693:do_domain_create: Domain 0:ao 0x800d750a0: create: how=0x0 callback=0x0 poller=0x800d6f0f0
libxl: debug: libxl_device.c:397:libxl__device_disk_set_backend: Disk vdev=xvda spec.backend=unknown
libxl: debug: libxl_device.c:432:libxl__device_disk_set_backend: Disk vdev=xvda, using backend phy
libxl: debug: libxl_create.c:1018:initiate_domain_create: Domain 1:running bootloader
libxl: debug: libxl_bootloader.c:328:libxl__bootloader_run: Domain 1:not a PV/PVH domain, skipping bootloader
libxl: debug: libxl_event.c:689:libxl__ev_xswatch_deregister: watch w=0x800d96b98: deregister unregistered
domainbuilder: detail: xc_dom_allocate: cmdline="", features=""
domainbuilder: detail: xc_dom_kernel_file: filename="/usr/local/lib/xen/boot/hvmloader"
domainbuilder: detail: xc_dom_malloc_filemap : 326 kB
libxl: debug: libxl_dom.c:988:libxl__load_hvm_firmware_module: Loading BIOS: /usr/local/share/seabios/bios.bin
...
3 days ago
New contributor 3 days ago
The most common cause of guest creation failures is the `xl` command spitting some error and exiting with a return code different than 0. If the error provided is not enough to help identify the issue, more verbose output can also be obtained from `xl` by using the `v` option repeatedly.
最常见的原因是 <literal>xl</literal>命令吐出一些错误,退出时返回值不为 0。 如果提供的错误还不足以帮助识别问题,还可以通过使用<literal>xl</literal>的<literal>v</literal>选项获取更详细的信息。
3 days ago
New contributor 3 days ago
To begin the installation of the base operating system, start the VNC client, directing it to the main network address of the host or to the IP address defined on the `vnclisten` line of [.filename]#freebsd.cfg#. After the operating system has been installed, shut down the DomU and disconnect the VNC viewer. Edit [.filename]#freebsd.cfg#, removing the line with the `cdrom` definition or commenting it out by inserting a `#` character at the beginning of the line. To load this new configuration, it is necessary to remove the old DomU with `xl destroy`, passing either the name or the id as the parameter. Afterwards, recreate it using the modified [.filename]*freebsd.cfg*.
要开始安装基础操作系统,请启动VNC客户端,将其引导到主机的主网络地址或<filename>freebsd.cfg</filename>中<literal>vnclisten</literal>行中定义的IP地址。安装好操作系统后,关闭 DomU 并断开 VNC 查看器的连接。编辑<filename>freebsd.cfg</filename>,删除带有<literal>cdrom</literal>定义的那行,或者在该行的开头插入一个<literal>#</literal>字符,将其注释掉。要加载这个新配置,必须用<command>xl destroy</command>来删除旧的DomU,传递名称或id作为参数。然后,使用修改后的<filename>freebsd.cfg</filename>重新创建。
3 days ago
New contributor 3 days ago
Each time the Dom0 is restarted, the configuration file must be passed to `xl create` again to re-create the DomU. By default, only the Dom0 is created after a reboot, not the individual VMs. The VMs can continue where they left off as they stored the operating system on the virtual disk. The virtual machine configuration can change over time (for example, when adding more memory). The virtual machine configuration files must be properly backed up and kept available to be able to re-create the guest VM when needed.
每次重启Dom0时,必须再次将配置文件传递给<command>xl create</command>以重新创建 DomU。默认情况下,重启后只创建 Dom0,不创建单个虚拟机。虚拟机可以还原到被暂停的那一刻,因为它们在虚拟磁盘上存储了操作系统。虚拟机配置可以随时改变(例如,增加更多内存时)。必须妥善备份虚拟机配置文件并保持可用,以便在需要时重建虚拟机。
3 days ago
New contributor 3 days ago
The new DomU guest VM is defined in a file. Some specific definitions like name, keymap, and VNC connection details are also defined. The following [.filename]#freebsd.cfg# contains a minimum DomU configuration for this example:
新的 DomU guest VM定义在一个文件中。还定义了一些特定的配置,如名称、密钥映射和VNC连接细节。下面的<filename>freebsd.cfg</filename>包含了本例中的最低限度的 DomU 配置:
3 days ago
New contributor 3 days ago
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Statistics

Percent Strings Words Chars
Total 316 6,486 46,020
Translated 15% 48 428 2,655
Needs editing 10% 34 916 6,631
Failing checks 3% 11 52 557

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Last change April 12, 2021, 4:48 p.m.
Last author Anonymous

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