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Translation license BSD 2-Clause FreeBSD License
Filemaskarticles/*/vinum.po
Translation file articles/pt_BR/vinum.po
Resource update a month ago
Resource update a month ago
Committed changes 2 months ago
In this example, each plex contains the full 512 MB of address space. As in the previous example, each plex contains only a single subdisk.
Neste exemplo, cada plex contém os 512 MB completos do espaço de endereço. Como no exemplo anterior, cada plex contém apenas um único subdisco.
2 months ago
A <emphasis>striped plex</emphasis> stripes the data across each subdisk. The subdisks must all be the same size and there must be at least two subdisks in order to distinguish it from a concatenated plex. The greatest advantage of striped plexes is that they reduce hot spots. By choosing an optimum sized stripe, about 256 kB, the load can be evened out on the component drives. Extending a plex by adding new subdisks is so complicated that <filename>vinum</filename> does not implement it.
Um <emphasis>plex striped</emphasis> distribui os dados uniformemente entre cada subdisco. Os subdiscos devem ser todos do mesmo tamanho e deve haver pelo menos dois subdiscos para distingui-los de um plex concatenado. A maior vantagem dos plexes striped é que eles reduzem os hot spots. Ao escolher uma faixa de tamanho ideal, de cerca de 256 kB, a carga pode ser nivelada nas unidades de componentes. Estender um complexo adicionando novos subdiscos é algo tão complicado que o <filename>vinum</filename> não o implementa.
2 months ago
<anchor xml:id="vinum-latency"/> Consider a typical transfer of about 10 kB: the current generation of high-performance disks can position the heads in an average of 3.5 ms. The fastest drives spin at 15,000 rpm, so the average rotational latency (half a revolution) is 2 ms. At 70 MB/s, the transfer itself takes about 150 μs, almost nothing compared to the positioning time. In such a case, the effective transfer rate drops to a little over 1 MB/s and is clearly highly dependent on the transfer size.
<anchor xml:id="vinum-latency"/> Considere uma transferência típica de cerca de 10 kB: a geração atual de discos de alto desempenho pode posicionar as cabeças em uma média de 3,5 ms. As unidades mais rápidas giram a 15.000 rpm, portanto a latência rotacional média (meia revolução) é de 2 ms. A 70 MB/s, a própria transferência leva cerca de 150 μs, quase nada em comparação com o tempo de posicionamento. Nesse caso, a taxa de transferência efetiva cai para pouco mais de 1 MB/s e é claramente altamente dependente do tamanho da transferência.
2 months ago
Current disk drives can transfer data sequentially at up to 70 MB/s, but this value is of little importance in an environment where many independent processes access a drive, and where they may achieve only a fraction of these values. In such cases, it is more interesting to view the problem from the viewpoint of the disk subsystem. The important parameter is the load that a transfer places on the subsystem, or the time for which a transfer occupies the drives involved in the transfer.
As unidades de disco atuais podem transferir dados sequencialmente a até 70 MB/s, mas esse valor é de pouca importância em um ambiente em que muitos processos independentes acessam uma unidade e onde podem obter apenas uma fração desses valores. Nesses casos, é mais interessante visualizar o problema do ponto de vista do subsistema de disco. O parâmetro importante é a carga que uma transferência coloca no subsistema ou o tempo pelo qual uma transferência ocupa as unidades envolvidas na transferência.
2 months ago
Modern systems frequently need to access data in a highly concurrent manner. For example, large FTP or HTTP servers can maintain thousands of concurrent sessions and have multiple 100 Mbit/s connections to the outside world, well beyond the sustained transfer rate of most disks.
Sistemas modernos frequentemente precisam acessar dados de uma maneira altamente concorrente. Por exemplo, grandes servidores FTP ou HTTP podem manter milhares de sessões simultâneas e ter múltiplas conexões de 100 Mbit/s para o mundo externo, muito além da taxa de transferência sustentada da maioria dos discos.
2 months ago
Starting with FreeBSD 5, <filename>vinum</filename> has been rewritten in order to fit into the <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/geom.html">GEOM architecture</link>, while retaining the original ideas, terminology, and on-disk metadata. This rewrite is called <emphasis>gvinum</emphasis> (for <emphasis> GEOM vinum</emphasis>). While this chapter uses the term <filename>vinum</filename>, any command invocations should be performed with <command>gvinum</command>. The name of the kernel module has changed from the original <filename>vinum.ko</filename> to <filename>geom_vinum.ko</filename>, and all device nodes reside under <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum</filename> instead of <filename class="directory">/dev/vinum</filename>. As of FreeBSD 6, the original <filename>vinum</filename> implementation is no longer available in the code base.
Começando com o FreeBSD 5, o <filename>vinum</filename> foi reescrito para se encaixar na <link xlink:href="@@URL_RELPREFIX@@/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/geom.html">Arquitetura GEOM</link>, mantendo as idéias originais, a terminologia e os metadados no disco. Esta reescrita é chamada <emphasis>gvinum</emphasis> (para <emphasis>GEOM vinum</emphasis>). Enquanto este capítulo usa o termo <filename>vinum</filename>, qualquer invocação de comandos deve ser executada com o <command>gvinum</command>. O nome do módulo do kernel mudou do original <filename>vinum.ko</filename> para <filename>geom_vinum.ko</filename>, e todos os device nodes residem em <filename class="directory">/dev/gvinum</filename> em vez de <filename class="directory">/dev/vinum</filename>. A partir do FreeBSD 6, a implementação original do <filename>vinum</filename> não está mais disponível no código base.
2 months ago
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FreeBSD Doc / articles_vinumPortuguese (Brazil)

New string to translate 2 months ago
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Total 187 5,794 43,557
Translated 100% 187 5,794 43,557
Needs editing 0% 0 0 0
Failing check 13% 25 993 7,666

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Last change April 18, 2020, 7:12 p.m.
Last author Danilo G. Baio

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