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468 Strings 98%
9,234 Words 93%

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Component Translated Untranslated Untranslated words Checks Suggestions Comments
books_design-44bsd This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 4% 376 10,783 27
books_arch-handbook This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 15% 2,295 55,850 1,879
books_developers-handbook This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 16% 1,889 53,276 1,346
books_dev-model This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 73% 131 2,847 75
articles_solid-state This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 94% 5 263 25
articles_cups This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 95% 2 42 8
articles_vm-design This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 98% 2 55 12
books_handbook This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 98% 190 3,000 3,160
articles_linux-emulation This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 98% 5 377 17
articles_ldap-auth This component is linked to the FreeBSD Doc (Archived)/articles_bsdl-gpl repository. This translation is locked. BSD-2-Clause-FreeBSD 98% 2 61 3
New strings to translate a month ago
Resource update a month ago
In addition to these <quote>dumb</quote> UARTs, many vendors produce intelligent serial communication boards. This type of design usually provides a microprocessor that interfaces with several UARTs, processes and buffers the data, and then alerts the main PC processor when necessary. BecauseAs the UARTs are not directly accessed by the PC processor in this type of communication system, it is not necessary for the vendor to use UARTs that are compatible with the 8250, 16450, or the 16550 UART. This leaves the designer free to components that may have better performance characteristics.
a month ago
In a series of tests performed by the author of this document in 1994, components made by National Semiconductor, TI, StarTech, and CMD as well as megacells and emulations embedded in internal modems were tested with COMTEST. A difference count for some of these components is listed below. BecausSince these tests were performed in 1994, they may not reflect the current performance of the given product from a vendor.
a month ago
When the NS16550 was developed, the National Semiconductor obtained several patents on the design and they also limited licensing, making it harder for other vendors to provide a chip with similar features. BecauseAs a result of the patents, reverse-engineered designs and emulations had to avoid infringing the claims covered by the patents. Subsequently, these copies almost never perform exactly the same as the NS16550A or PC16550D, which are the parts most computer and modem makers want to buy but are sometimes unwilling to pay the price required to get the genuine part.
a month ago
In internal modems, the modem designer will frequently emulate the 8250A/16450 with the modem microprocessor, and the emulated UART will frequently have a hidden buffer consisting of several hundred bytes. Because ofDue to the size of the buffer, these emulations can be as reliable as a 16550A in their ability to handle high speed data. However, most operating systems will still report that the UART is only a 8250A or 16450, and may not make effective use of the extra buffering present in the emulated UART unless special drivers are used.
a month ago
An improved version of the INS8250 using XMOS technology with various functional flaws corrected. The INS8250A was used initially in PC clone computers by vendors who used <quote>clean</quote> BIOS designs. Because ofDue to the corrections in the chip, this part could not be used with a BIOS compatible with the INS8250 or INS8250B.
a month ago
BecauseAs the number of bits needed to describe a byte varied during the trip between the two machines plus the differing bits-per-seconds speeds that are used present on the DTE-DCE and DCE-DCE links, the usage of the term Baud to describe the overall communication speed causes problems and can misrepresent the true transmission speed. So Bits Per Second (bps) is the correct term to use to describe the transmission rate seen at the DCE to DCE interface and Baud or Bits Per Second are acceptable terms to use when a connection is made between two systems with a wired connection, or if a modem is in use that is not performing error-correction or compression.
a month ago
Baud is a measurement of transmission speed in asynchronous communication. Because ofDue to advances in modem communication technology, this term is frequently misused when describing the data rates in newer devices.
a month ago
BecauseAs asynchronous data is <quote>self synchronizing</quote>, if there is no data to transmit, the transmission line can be idle.
a month ago
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Statistics

Percent Strings Words Chars
Total 468 9,234 57,144
Translated 98% 459 8,676 53,720
Needs editing 1% 8 557 3,415
Failing checks 18% 88 1,794 11,921

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Last change April 18, 2020, 6:33 p.m.
Last author Danilo G. Baio

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